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Bond/Tack Coats


Bond Tack Coats

In order to improve the bond between layers of pavement, a tack coat should be applied. A tack coat is very inexpensive insurance to improve the structural integrity of the pavement layer. There are many different types of tack coats and emulsions.

A bond coat is a spray application of asphalt emulsion. It is applied to an existing asphalt or portland cement concrete surface prior to a new asphalt overlay or patching. This eliminates slippage planes and provides a better bond between new and existing pavement layers.

Design Criteria

In order to design a proper tack coat the existing surface should be evaluated and repairs made prior to application. The existing road surface should be clean and dust free to ensure proper bond of tack coat to the existing surface. If the emulsion is to be diluted the dilution rate should be established so that the proper residual asphalt will be applied. The water for dilution should be clean, potable and free of detectable contaminants.

As a fog seal the Clean Bond Coat can be applied to an existing old asphalt surface or to a new or old seal coat. Because of its quick cure and non-tracking properties, conventional sand blotting is often not required.

Clean Bond Coat is ideal for spraying on low volume, unpaved roads as a means of dust control. This emulsion is usually diluted with water to further decrease its viscosity to enhance its penetration into the existing surface.


Asphalt Emulsions:

The clean bond coat is a slow setting anionic asphalt emulsion specifically designed to be very stable and allow for a shorter return to traffic and overlay. The tack coat cures very quickly and provides a non-tracking, non-tacky finish. Clean Bond Coat can be used for a number of applications such as tack coats, fog seals and dust control.

Performance Guidelines

In order to construct a proper well designed tack coat the following guidelines should be followed:

Safety Data Sheets

DescriptionPdf File
SDS – Anionic Rapid Setting Emulsion
SDS – Anionic Slow Setting Emulsion
SDS – Cationic Medium Setting Emulsion
SDS – Enviro-Colle Emulsion
SDS – Rapid Curing Cutback

Related Resources

DescriptionPdf File
Research – Canadian Investigation of Flexible Pavement Design
Research – Committee on Road Materials – Recommended Guidelines
Research – A Design of Bituminous Mixtures with Curved Mohr Envelopes
Research – Designing Standard Asphalt Paving Mixtures for Greater Durability
Research – Determination of Factors Affecting Shear Testing Performance of Emulsion Tack Coats
Research – Development of Stone Mastic Asphalt for Ontario Use
Research – Flexible Pavement Thickness Requirements
Research – Intro of Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) in Ontario
Research – Particle Index Evaluation of Aggregates for Asphalt Mixtures
Research – Rational Design of Bituminous Paving Mixtures with Curved Mohr Envelopes
Research – A Rational Method of Design for Bituminous Paving Mixtures
Research – Some Applications of the Elastic Theory Approach to the Structural Design of Flexible Pavements
Research – Thickness Design for Flexible Pavements
Research – An Ultimate Strength Approach to Flexible Pavement Design
Research – Development and Evaluation of a Non-Tracking Asphalt Emulsion for Tack Coats and Fog Seals
Research – New Brunswick Field Study on Optimization of Tack Coat Rate to Enhance Interface Bonding of Asphalt Layers
Product Data Sheet – Clean Bond Coat
Product Data Sheet – CSS-1
Product Data Sheet – CSS-1H
Product Data Sheet – RS-1
Product Data Sheet – SS-1
Pavement Process Overview – Tack Coats
Product Data Sheet – Cationic Clean Bond Coat
Product Data Sheet – Colasphalt Prime
Product Data Sheet – Colasphalt Tack
Product Data Sheet – EP-2000 A
Product Data Sheet – EP-2000 B

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